The significance of automation supplier in most manufacturing industries keeps growing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings in numerous industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are utilized inside a diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. Based on the definition it may be fixed in position or mobile for use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or higher axes. These are multi-functional items that may be custom-built and programmed to do a assortment of operations.
The major features of industrial robots is that they can be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic lifespan of the industrial robot is around 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots have become an indispensable component of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are classified into different categories depending on their mechanical structure. The key categories of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three elements of motion. They work from an overhead grid having a rectangular work envelope. They may be mainly employed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes higher than the work making them also well suited for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilised for proximity sensor requiring pick and set work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It can have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs can be customized with the addition of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) mounted on robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are employed to move or assemble parts are instances of end effectors. End effectors are hc03bt and utilized to sense and communicate with the external environment. The final effectors’ design depends on the application requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They may be built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other hc152t-sz including robotic arms. Machine vision is commonly used to the inspection of manufactured goods such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are employed to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.